Statue of “Capitoline Gaul”

Statua del "Galata Capitolino"
From a Pergamene original
Material and technique: 
alt. 93 cm, Plinto larg. 0.89 lung. 1.865
From Rome, Horti Sallustiani
inv. MC0747

The sculpture, reproduced several times in engravings and drawings, is perhaps the most famous sculpture of the entire collection. In 1734, the statue was acquired from the Ludovisi Sculpture Collection. Probably the Ludovisi family found the statue on the premises of their villa. The Villa Ludovisi was situated on the ancient horti of Caesar, which through inheritance then passed into the possession of the historian Sallustius. With great pathos the statue depicts a wounded Gaul (Galatian). His attributes are very evident: shield, torques around his neck, complete nudity, disorered locks of hair and moustache. The very visible wound indicates the sculptor's intention to depict the warrior in the last moment of resistance to his pain. Perhaps the image pertains to the great donation created during the era of Pergamon that Attalus placed along the terrace of the Temple of Athena Nikephoros in order to celebrate his victories over the Galatians.

The hall

Palazzo Nuovo - Sala del Gladiatore

The centre of the room features the so-called "Dying Galatian", one of the best-known and most important works in the museum. 
It is a replica of one of the sculptures in the ex-voto group dedicated to Pergamon by Attalus I to commemorate the victories over the Galatians in the III and II centuries BC.

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